ONSHORE WIND POWER reform assumptions and bill proposal
According to UN figures, the number of people with access to electricity has increased from 78% to 87% since 2000. As access to electricity is improved, greenhouse gas emissions have increased. Today, global electricity production generates as much as 60% of global emissions. The UN aims to reduce them as soon as possible in order to limit the temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. In the December 2015 Paris Agreement, 195 countries pledged to keep global average temperature rises well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and continue efforts to limit temperature increases to 1.5 degrees. This is crucial if we take into account the increase in energy demand resulting from the UN estimate of global population growth of more than 11 billion in 2100.
The 2015 Paris Agreements and the UN Sustainable Development Goals announced the same year focus on fast development of green technologies and moving to zero- and low-carbon energy technologies as soon as possible. The 7th UN Sustainable Development Goal concerns the transition to clean and zero-emission energy, including wind energy. The UN climate policies have mobilised financial instruments such as the Green Climate Fund and green bonds to develop green technologies. Finally, in September 2019, as part of a global agreement between development banks and commercial banks working with the UN, capital from carbon-intensive investments towards zero and low-carbon investments was redirected.
The European Community has joined this global process by agreeing, within the framework of European policies in support of UN actions, the so-called European Green Deal. It aims to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. In achieving this ambitious goal, countries that have so far based their energy on fossil fuels are of great importance. They will determine the pace of work and can become a model for similarly organised economies on other continents.
For the UN, Poland is one of the key countries to develop a model for the transition from economy based on conventional energy sources to an efficient renewable energy system. The wind energy segment, in addition to energy from the sun and water, is crucial for obtaining power to further develop the Polish economy while reducing energy from minerals. Assuming that investments in onshore wind power plants will gradually increase in Poland, wind power is projected to increase to 35 GW in 2050, which, with projected increases in photovoltaic and taking into account improvements in the efficiency of wind turbines and photovoltaic cells, allows Poland to hope to achieve its climate neutrality target by 2050.
For the reasons set out above, we have been involved in the development of regulations that allow for the development of onshore wind farms in a smooth manner in line with the objectives of UN climate policies.
The work on the regulatory report provides for the development of assumptions for the revision of the Act on investments in wind power plants, so as to allow for the further development of wind capacity. In the course of our work, we anticipate, based on regulatory assumptions developed so far in the Ministry of Development, to carry out scientific expert opinion on the effects of regulations and on this basis discuss it with industry representatives and other stakeholders interested in the development of wind energy. The aim is to complete the work and present the assumptions and the draft act before the end of 2020.